General
The information on this issue has been based on the country reports of Eurydice.

Parents’ participation
Eurydice, The role of parents in the education systems of Europe, Brussels, 1997.

Civics
Torney-Purta, J., Schwille, J. and Amadeo, J. A. (eds.), Civic education across countries: Twenty-four national case studies from the IEA civic education project, Eburon Publishers, Delft (Netherlands), 1999.

INRA (Europe) – European coordination office, ‘Young Europeans’, Eurobarometer, No 47.2, European Commission, Directorate-General XXII, Brussels, 1997.

For more information on the Eurobarometer surveys visit http://europa.eu.int/comm/dg10/epo/eb/ surveys.html
or for IEA civic education study, visit
http://www2.hu-berlin.de/empir_bf/iea_e.html .

Evaluation and steering of school education
SICI, Inspectorates of education in Europe — A descriptive study, Brussels, 1999.

Drop-out rates
Bucchi, M. — IARD (Istituto di Ricerca), Dropping out and secondary education, European Commission, Directorate-General XXII, Brussels.

Colson, D., Gérard, Fr.-M., Guitard, Cl. and. Martynow, N. (Bureau d’Ingénierie en Education et en Formation, Louvain-la-Neuve), Getting on with training, European Commission, Directorate General XXII, Brussels.

Eurydice, Measures to combat failure at school. A challenge for the construction of Europe, Brussels, 1994.

Institut de la Méditerranée, Colloque de Marseille, L’école de la deuxième chance, Editions de l’Aube, Saint-Etienne, 1997.

Ides Nicaise (ed), Success for all? Educational strategies for socially disadvantaged youth in six European countries, Leuven, 1999.

OECD, Venir à bout de l’échec scolaire, OECD, Paris, 1998.

Serrano Pascual, A., Ouali, N. and Desmarez, P. (Centre de sociologie du travail, de l’emploi ed de la formation (TEF), Université Libre de Bruxelles), Preventing
failure at school and in professional life in Europe, European Commission, Directorate-General XXII, Brussels.

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), ‘Education at a glance’, OECD indicators, OECD, Paris, 1996, 1997 and 1998.

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), Education Policy Analysis, OECD, Paris, 1997 and 1999.

Jacques Delors, L’Education — Un trésor est cache dedans, Unesco, Paris, 1996.

European Commission, Accomplishing Europe through education and training, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 1997.

European Commission, Education across Europe — Statistics and Indicators 1999, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2000

European Commission, Evaluating quality in school education — A European pilot project, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 1999.

European Commission/Eurydice/Eurostat, Key data on education in Europe 1999–2000, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2000.

School choice and Competition

Hanushek, Eric A., John F. Kain, Jacob M. Markman and Steven G. Rivkin (2001) ”Does peer ability a•ect student achievement?” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, no. 8502, Washington, D.C.: NBER.

Hoxby, Caroline Minter (2001) ”Peer e•ects in the classroom: Learning from gender and race variation.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, no. 7867, Washington, D.C.: NBER.

Hoxby, Caroline Minter (2000) ”Does competition among public schools benefit students and taxpayers?” American Economic Review. 90:5:1209-1238.

Vedder, Richard, Joshua Hall (2000) ”Private school competition and public school teacher salaries” Journal of Labor Research 21:1:161-68.

Rapp, Geo•rey C. (2000) ”Agency and choice in education: Does school choice enhance the work e•ort of teachers?” Education Economics 8:1:37-63.

Greene, Jay P., Paul E. Peterson and Jiangtao Du (1999) ”E•ectiveness of school choice.” Education and Urban Society 31:2:190-213.

Rouse, Cecilia Elena (1998) ”Private school vouchers and student achievement: An evaluation of the Milwaukee parental choice program” Quarterly Journal of Economics 113:2:553-602.

Dee, T. S., (1998) ”Competition and the quality of public schools.” Economics of Education Review 17:4:419-427.

Epple, Dennis, Richard E. Romano (1998) ”Competition between private and public schools, vouchers, and peer-group E•ects” American Economic Review, 88(1):33-62.

Newmark, Craig M. (1995) ”Another look at whether private schools influence public school quality: Comment” Public Choice 82:367-373.

Hoxby, Caroline Minter (1994) ”Do private schools provide competition for public schools?” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, no. 4978, 34 Washington, D.C.: NBER.

Rogers, W.H. (1993) ”Regression standard errors in clustered samples.” Stata Technical Bulletin Reprints. 3:88-94.

Couch, Jim F., William F. Shughart II and Al L. Williams (1993) ”Private school enrollment and public school performance.” Public Choice 76:301-312.

Hanushek, Eric A. (1986) ”The economics of schooling: production and e•ciency in public schools.” Journal of Economic Literature, 24(Sept.):1141-1177.

Friedman, M. and R.D. Friedman (1981) Free to choose: A personal statement. New York: Avon Books.
PRELIMINARY REMARK

Alvik,Tr. School-based evaluation: a close-up. In: Studies in Educational Evaluation,Vol. 21, 1995, pp. 311-343.

European Commission.DG XXII Education,Training,Youth; J.Macbeath et al.Evaluating quality in school education:A European pilot project. Final Report. Brussels: European Commission, 1999. - 122 p.

Hopes, Cl.;Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung. Assessing,Evaluating and Assuring Quality in Schools in the European Union. Frankfurt am Main: Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung, 1997. - 174 p.

Juul-Olsen. K.; PLS Consult.European Conference on School Improvement and Quality Development of Schools: Best Practices.Conference Held in Copenhagen at the National Museum of Denmark. Hosted by the Danish Ministry of Education. Co-financed by the European Commission, DG XXII. Final report - Part 1. Aarhus: Ministry of Education, 1999. - 90 p.

MacBeath, J.; Schratz. M.; Meuret, D.; Jakobsen, L. Self-evaluation in European Schools. A Story of Change. London: RoutledgeFalmer, 2000. - 224 p.

Meuret, D.; Morlaix, S. Quelques conditions de succès de l’auto-évaluation d’un établissement scolaire: leçons d’une expérience à l’échelle européenne. Présentation aux 1ères journées du RAPPE (Réseau d’Analyse Pluridisciplinaire des Politiques Éducatives).Fondation nationale des sciences politiques,Paris, 26 & 27 mars 2001. Paris: s.e., 2001. - 13 p.

Ministère de l’éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle.Wengler, A. Évaluation de la qualité dans l’enseignement scolaire, 15 et 16 novembre 1997, bâtiment Jean Monnet, Luxembourg-Kirchberg = Quality Evaluation in School Education, 15th,16th November, 1997. Luxembourg: Ministère de l’éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle, 1997. - 91 p.

Ministère de l’éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle. Évaluation de la qualité de l’enseignement: auto-évaluation d’établissements d’enseignement secondaire et secondaire technique. Documentation des journées pédagogiques des 17 et 18 mai 1999. Luxembourg: Ministère de l’éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle, 1999. - 102 p.

Scheerens. J. et al. Aspects of the Organizational and Political Context of School Evaluation in Four European Countries. In: Studies in Educational Evaluation, June 1999, Vol. 25, No 2, pp. 79-108. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1999.

Scheerens, J.; University of Twente. Improving the performance of educational systems by means of evaluation and feedback provisions. Paper for DECIDE conference 7-9 October, 2001. Twente: University of Twente, 2001. - 8 p.

The Standing International Conference of Central and General Inspectorates of Education (SICI);Hopes, Cl.;

H. Schirp, H. The Evaluation of the Quality of the Self-Assessment of Schools. Report on the Workshop 8-9 April 1999. Soest: Landesinstitut für Schule und Weiterbildung, 1999. - 153 p.

The Standing International Conference of Central and General Inspectorates of Education (SICI); Deketelaere, A. Indicators for good schools: analysis and a proposal. Report on the workshop, Feb. 25-26 ’99 organized by the Flemish inspectorate of education for SICI. Utrecht: SICI-Secretariat, 1999. - 125 p.

Canen, A.; Mabel de Tarré, Ol. Institutional Evaluation in the Mercosur: Transformation or Control? In: International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 20, No 4, pp. 277-286. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2000.

Conférence des ministres de l’éducation des pays ayant le français en partage (Confemen). Les facteurs de l’efficacité dans l’enseignement primaire: les résultats du programme PASEC (Programme d’Analyse des Systèmes Educatifs de la Confemen) sur neuf pays d’Afrique et de l’Océan indien. Dakar, Confemen, 1999. Available on the World Wide Web: www.confemen.org

OECD. Measuring the quality of schools = Mesurer la qualité des établissements scolaires. Paris: OECD, 1995. - 240 p.

OECD. Schools under scrutiny. Paris: OECD, 1995. - 172 p.

EURYDICE, Evaluation of Schools providing Compulsory Education in Europe, http://www.eurydice.org/Documents/EvalS/en/FrameSet.htm